Top 20 Things to do in Edinburgh
When many think of things to do in Edinburgh, Scotland’s historic centre, home to Old and New Town one of Scotland’s 6 UNESCO sites, the popular sights like Edinburgh Castle, classic pub visits and a stroll down the iconic Royal Mile come quickly to mind. But Edinburgh has so much more to offer from green spaces to free museums and plenty of tours to keep you busy and entertained. The following are the top 20 things to do in Edinburgh.
1.Hike Arthur’s Seat
For nature lovers and hikers alike a visit to Edinburgh is not complete without a hike up to Arthur’s Seat. But don’t simply hike up Arthur’s Seat, the highest peak in Edinburgh, make sure to start or end your journey with an awe-inspiring hike along the Radical Road that takes you through the Salisbury Crags. However you manage to ascend Arthur’s Seat you will be rewarded by breathtaking 360° views over Edinburgh and beyond.
A trip to Edinburgh is not complete without a visit to Edinburgh’s Castle. This isn’t a typical castle in ruins. The Edinburgh Castle sits centre stage on a volcanic plug, is much intact and has a wealth of buildings to explore. From the oldest surviving building in Edinburgh, St. Margaret’s Chapel to the oldest crown jewels in the British Isles and the grand Great Hall to the one o’clock gun salute (a tradition that began in 1861). Edinburgh Castle will transport you back in time!
3. National Museum of Scotland
If the free price of admission isn’t incentive enough than perhaps the wealth of history, from the mysterious miniature coffins found on the slopes of Arthur’s Seat in 1836 to the first successful clone of a mammal, Dolly the sheep who is now stuffed and galleries with meteorites to dinosaurs will draw you in, especially on a rainy day!
4. Stroll along the Royal Mile
The hub of life in Edinburgh’s old town and home to everything from star attractions to pubs and plenty of shops, a stroll down the Royal Mile is a must. From Edinburgh Castle at the top end to the Palace of Holyroodhouse at its bottom, the Royal Mile is actually a series of streets and is technically 1.25 miles – which is a Scots mile, or as the Scots say, “a mile and a wee bit.”
Another one of Edinburgh’s hills is Calton Hill and at 300′ (103m) elevation it’s only a 5 minute walk up a flight of stairs for more fantastic views over Edinburgh. At the east end of Princes Street Calton Hill is home to the National Monument, which is molded on the Parthenon in Athens, the Nelson Monument, the 1800’s City Observatory, a 90′ tall obelisk that is the Political Martyrs Monument and monuments to writer Robert Burns and philosopher Dugald Stewart.
6. Botanical Gardens
Edinburgh’s Botanical Gardens was originally founded in 1670 and is set on 70 acres (28 hectares). It’s home to plants from around the world, glasshouses with over 3000 plants and 10 different climatic zones and has one of the largest collections of plants in the world. Here you’ll have another view over Edinburgh and a chance to breathe in the sweet, fresh smells of fragrant flowers and feel like you’re anywhere but the city.
7. Chase Ghosts on a Ghost Tour
Edinburgh is considered one of the most haunted cities in the world! With plenty of ghost walks to choose from you’ll have a good chance at experiencing some sort of strange occurrence or paranormal activity while you’re chasing ghosts. Perhaps you’ll even encounter one of the most documented poltergeists – Bloody Mackenzie in the famed Greyfriars graveyard and Covenanters Prison.
8. Attend a Festival
Edinburgh is home to some of the world’s best and biggest festivals. August is prime time for festivals with the Edinburgh International Book Festival, the largest public celebration of the written word in the world, the Edinburgh Fringe Festival, the world’s largest arts festival with dance, music, theatre and more, and the astounding Royal Military Tattoo that takes place in front of the castle and brings musical artists from around the world together with military performances and pyrotechnics. At the end of the year there is Hogmanay, a New Year’s celebration that is one of a kind and lasts for days with a street party, concerts in the gardens, torch light procession and more!
Located on the Royal Mile, St. Giles’ Cathedral is from the 14th century and is certainly a sight to see. Home to glorious stain glass windows, a memorial to Robert Louis Stevenson, a roof top tour for another great view of Edinburgh as well as the Order of Thistle. The Order of Thistle is Scotland’s company of knights and by guided tour you can learn all about the men who belong to the strangely decorated and ornate wooden chairs that circle the room. Entrance is free with voluntary donations welcome but if you’d like to take photos be sure to purchase a photo permit for £2.
A sloping expanse of park and green space right between Old and New Town, the Princes Street Gardens was created in the 1770s. These once private gardens were made public in 1876 and are home to the Scott Monument, the world’s first floral clock as well as events throughout the year. It’s a great place to relax, read or have a picnic on a warm summer day.
If views over Edinburgh is what you’re after consider climbing the 287 steps up to the top, at 60m (197′), of the Scott Monument. This giant gothic spire located in Princes Street Gardens is in honour of Scotland’s own Sir Walter Scott and is the largest monument to a writer in the world.
12. Wander its Graveyards
Perhaps the thrill of wandering graveyards excites you than Edinburgh has 5 historic graveyards for you, full of tombs, graves with metal railings to deter grave robbers of late and even ghosts. There is Canongate Kirkyard, St. Cuthbert’s Kirkyard, Old and New Calton Burial Grounds and the infamous Greyfriars Kirkyard from the 16th century where you’ll find the tomb of ‘Bloody Mackenzie’ and the now locked Covenanters Prison.
13. Drink & Dine in Old Pubs
A visit to Edinburgh is not complete without time spent in one of the cities many pubs. From ale to authentic Scottish grub, live entertainment and lively atmosphere, Edinburgh is home to plenty of fun and historic pubs and there’s even Edinburgh’s Literary Pub Tour of the most historic of bars. Where should you start? Try the Grassmarket area, it’s a great area with a fine selection and is even popular with the locals.
14. The Palace of Holyroodhouse
Or commonly referred to as Holyrood Palace, is the official residence of the British monarch while in Scotland and has been home to the kings and queens of Scotland since the 16th century. Here you can visit 14 historic apartments, the ruins of the 12th century Holyrood Abbey, the 10 acres of gardens and the Queen’s Gallery – part of the Royal Collection which is one of the largest and most important in the world.
15. Edinburgh Zoo
At over a 100 years old the Edinburgh Zoo may be old but even with its historic buildings it is very current and even home to the Britain’s only pair of giant pandas. If the pandas aren’t enough there are over 1000 rare and endangered species at the zoo and it’s also where you’ll see the infamous penguin walk! The Edinburgh Zoo is one of Scotland’s most popular attractions and you won’t be disappointed, child and adult alike.
16. Browse Bookshops
Edinburgh is home to some great bookshops that are quirky, full of great finds and more. There are bookshops selling new and second-hand, some small, some multi-leveled and many can be found on Grassmarket. If you’re looking to pick up a book to read or even an interesting souvenir or merely need to duck in out of the rain than check out a few bookshops, there’s even an app, Edinburgh City of Literature Bookshop Trail, to help you find them all and tells you what they carry!
17. Take the Book Lovers’ Tour
In the city of literature there is something for every book lovers heart, from festivals to bookshops and writers museum to even a tour, the Book Lovers’ Tour. Alan Foster’s Book Lovers’ Tour leaves from the Writers Museum and will take you around Edinburgh’s literary sights from past homes of Sir Walter Scott and others to where the famous Harry Potter was penned. It covers many highlights of Scotland’s famous writers from those in the past to the current greats like Alexander McCall Smith and Ian Rankin.
18. Ride a Hop-on-Hop-off Bus
For anyone visiting a city for the first time taking one of their hop-on-hop-off buses is a great way to not only orient yourself but also to use it as transit to easily and quickly get to the attractions and sights you wish to visit. Edinburgh has a few different hop-on-hop-off buses that range in style and where they stop, anywhere from Princes Street to Arthur’s Seat and even Leith. Some offer live commentators, which is great for learning about the city and its sights and they also offer discounted tickets to some sights (so be sure to ask for discounts).
Another great free museum is the Writers Museum, located just off the Royal Mile through Lady Stair’s Close in the historic Lady Stair’s House that was built in 1622. The museum’s 3 floors pay homage to 3 of Scotland’s great writers, Robert Louis Stevenson, Sir Walter Scott and Robert Burns. Here you’ll get a chance to see some of the writers’ personal objects, their books and other fascinating pieces.
20. Enjoy Street Performers
Sometimes one of the best parts of visiting a city is checking out its street performers, or buskers. And in Edinburgh you’ll find some of the world’s best from solo acoustic performers to the classic bagpipers. A stroll along the Royal Mile will bring you face to face with the locals and their sweet sounds! Enjoy the performance? Be kind and throw them some cash it will be greatly appreciated!
What’s your favourite things to do in Edinburgh?
I was a guest of Visit Scotland, as always all opinions are my own.